Scariest archaeological finds
A2A: Hmmmu2026 How about clear evidence that some disease u2014 perhaps a variant of the corona virus u2014 wiped out 90-plus percent of the population of the civilization in question.
And that the pathogens are still alive and well in the sample youu2019ve been studying.
And that youu2019ve already sent samples of the human remains in this discovery to dozens of colleagues around the world.
And that existing antibiotics, antivirals, and vaccines canu2019t touch this one.
,I knowu2026 not original.
There are already plenty of books and films about this sort of thing.
But to me, itu2019s still pretty scary.
A lot more scary than AI, for example.
Most mysterious things in history
The most baffling thing that occurred in the annals of history that is baffling to me is the invention of the World Wide Web.
,Initially it was created by Tim Berners-Lee as some form of military program unexpectedly morphed into this thing right now in front of my hands.
,When I was a kid, my Father bought a typewriter and brought it home.
I remembered going u201cWOW!u201d A typewriter.
But this thing here, right now, is on a completely different level of mystery, irony and intrigue.
,Can you imagine what we will be doing today if the Internet wasnu2019t invented? We will be typing letters of our questions and mailing it to the Quora newsletter and reading our answers two weeks later!
Looks like it could be some remnants of anti-landing defenses.
Wales has lots of this stuff, from the two world wars.
Big caltrops-like metal elements.
Even gun batteries.
If it got mostly buried in the sand it could look like your find.
Recent archaeological discoveries 2022
3 days ago, April 25, 2022, an Egyptian archaeological mission, working in the north of the Sinai Peninsula, announced that they had unearthed the remains of a temple dedicated to the god Zeus-Kasios in Tell al-Farma, near the historic city of Pelisium, east of the Nileu2019s eastern mouth in the Mediterranean.
Granite blocks are inscribed with Greek texts.
Source: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
,Source: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
,The templeu2019s location.
Source: Google Maps.
,This trace had been missing for more than 100 years when a French archaeologist, Jean Cleu2019dat, revealed, in 1910, a group of granite blocks inscribed with ancient Greek texts indicating the presence of a temple in that region, but he was unable to find it at that time.
,The original inscribed block discovered by Clu00e9dat, along with another newly dug granite block complement each other and indicate that Emperor Hadrian (117u2013138) ordered new additions to the Temple of Zeus-Kasios, and Titus Flavius Titianus, procurator of Alexandria, did the job.
Historical discoveries that changed the world
One of the most important events in World War II that helped the allies win was a little known briefcase carried under the direction of Sir Henry Tizard(Tizard Mission) to the US in 1940.
Briefcase that changed the world ,That briefcase contained all of UKs key secrets in technology that UK almost gave for free to the US.
In return, it hoped to get access to American manufacturing and fight the Nazis.
MIT quickly built a secret lab to implement those technologies.
Out came some of the wonderful inventions.
The first key thing was a highly improved Cavity magnetron based radar that helped sink German U-boats and open supply lines between North America and UK.
And came a whole range of UKs ideas in nuclear weapons, rockets etc that combined with American ones created for a massive explosion of new tech for the US.
Without that briefcase, the atomic bomb project might not have been completed in time to defeat Japan.
,In the post-war period the ideas from the briefcase helped the rise of US as the preeminent power in science.
Unexplained ancient technology
This is explainable and an example of very good stone-age technology.
Oldest obsidian bracelet reveals amazing craftsmens skills in the eighth millennium BC.
It is very difficult to see how it was produced without a grinding wheel.
The thing is, the Potters wheel which is a less sophisticated hand-powered machine was u2018inventedu2019 in 4,500BCE.
If you look at Anatolia around this time, this seems to happen rather a lot, they suddenly get something amazing and it then vanishes not to be seen again for millennia.
One would think that something this good would endure, but it does not appear that the path to civilisation was particular straight, there are many setbacks and sometimes collapse of early cultures (that look to be doing ever so well and doing all the right things to advance).
,Although only a fragment remains the profile is consistent to within 100 micrometres (0.
1mm) and polished to a mirror finish (accepting some ware is evident today).
The bracelet is made of Obsidian (naturally occurring glass) which is a really hard material to grind and polish, it is so well made (for its time), complete as a bracelet it would still be considered a fine possession today.
,The finest stone age technologies are perfected in the bronze age and I find the Pylos Combat Agate an extraordinary object, a seal created around 1450BCE in likely Crete but found in a Mycenaen tomb.
Itu2019s so extraordinary small, 3.
4 centimetres (1.
,Can you see the three milling holes in the hairline with online magnification?The milling bit is around 40 micrometres (0.
04 mm), a pinhead.
Then again the Dactyls did have precision ground rock crystal lenses (and even a prism), found in the Idaean mountain caves, likely stored around the same date, when Mycenae took control of the islands and possibly the scene records an early engagement.
That or possibly represents Minos driving the Carians from the islands (a civil war) that is recorded in Cretan records and I favour.
A Minoan elite soldier is shown on the left and possible a Carian or Mycenaen on the right.
I tend to think it a Carian as why would a Mycenaen keep an object which depicts their defeat.
,It does appear that some form of dividing callipers for tool placement may have been employed too.
This is perhaps more significant as it would dramatically increase engineering tolerances more generally.
,Stone age technology, at its finest!,.