What are the wider implications of ZTE being blocked from buying American components? Will it force China to become more self-reliant in the high tech sector?

non-compete agreementu4e2du6587

This seems like a softball question since discussion already seems to be almost exclusively focused on efforts for more self-reliance.

On the other hand a critical report posted on Sina was later taken down.

,Behind the scenes, Chinau2019s actually kind of mad at its telecoms giant ZTEThe report from the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC), the top regulator of Chinese state-owned enterprises under Chinau2019s cabinet, criticized ZTEu2019s dealings with the US regulators as u201cstupid and passive,u201d and embarrassing to Chinau2019s global image.

u201cMany domestic enterprises are paying a terrible price for ZTEu2019s short-sightedness and dishonesty.

Our countryu2019s diplomatic layout and image will inevitably be affected,u201d said the report, dated April 20.

,It also criticized the domestic environment for lacking u201csocial integrity,u201d and said that in ZTEu2019s case this spread to its overseas operations.

,u201cRelevant leaders at ZTE Corporation have no legal or confidentiality awareness.

Theyu2019ve taken risks to engage in illegal operations numerous times.

Thatu2019s not only related to the broader environment where social integrity in China is not high, but is also an export of the domestic lack of integrity to foreign countries,u201d the report wrote.

,The Chinese regulatoru2019s report stands in contrast to more official statements and reactions, which have been overwhelmingly sympathetic to ZTE.

But the report cited many lapses in ZTEu2019s operations.

The companyu2019s legal team u201cexists in name only,u201d the report wrote.

When traveling to the US, according to the report, a secretary of ZTEu2019s chairman once carried a computer with corporate documents about equipment sales to Iran, which was seized by US Customs.

u201cAccording to our countryu2019s regulations, such confidential materials can never be taken abroad,u201d the report noted.

,Citing ZTEu2019s connection to the state-run space and military contractor, the report called on the government to come up with a u201ctemporary aid planu201d to ensure the US ban wonu2019t cause ripple effects on the countryu2019s military-industrial corporations, along with telecoms, trade, and other firms relating to ZTE.

The report also called for the regulator to exert stricter control over Chinese state-owned companies in relation to reporting potential risks relating to their foreign businesses to the agency in a timely manner.

,Cached version: u56fdu8d44u59d4u7814u7a76u4e2du5fc3u62a5u544auff1au4e2du5174u4e00u7cfbu5217u5e94u5bf9u90fdu5341u5206u611au8822u88abu52a8u56fdu8d44u59d4u7814u7a76u4e2du5fc3 2018u5e744u670820u65e5,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,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,u575au6301u4f9du6cd5u6cbbu56fdu3001u4f9du6cd5u6cbbu4f01uff0cu4ee5u4e2du5174u901au8bafu4e8bu4ef6u4e3au5951u673auff0cu4e2du592eu4f01u4e1au5e94u53cau65f6u8865u9f50u5236u5ea6u77edu677fuff0cu4e3au4e0bu6b65u53c2u4e0eu56fdu9645u7adeu4e89u548cu5408u4f5cu6253u597du57fau7840u3002,u4ecau5e744u670816u65e5uff0cu7f8eu56fdu5546u52a1u90e8u53d1u5e03u516cu544auff0c7u5e74u5185u7981u6b62u7f8eu56fdu4f01u4e1au4e0eu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u5f00u5c55u4efbu4f55u4e1au52a1u5f80u6765uff0cu7406u7531u662fu8ba4u4e3au4e2du5174u901au8bafu8fddu53cdu4e862017u5e74u4e0eu7f8eu56fdu653fu5e9cu8fbeu6210u7684u548cu89e3u534fu8baeuff0cu76eeu524du4e8bu6001u4ecdu5728u8513u5ef6u53d1u9175u3002,u7531u4e8eu6211u56fdu901au8bafu884cu4e1au9ad8u5ea6u4f9du8d56u7f8eu56fdu82afu7247uff0cu52a0u4e4bu4e2du5174u901au8bafu662fu6211u56fdu6700u5927u7684u56fdu6709u63a7u80a1u901au4fe1u8bbeu5907u4e0au5e02u516cu53f8uff0cu906du9047u5236u88c1u4e8bu4ef6u5bf9u4e2du5174u901au8bafu672cu8eabu53cau884cu4e1au90fdu5e26u6765u8bf8u591au5f71u54cduff0cu5bf9u5176u4ed6u4e2du592eu4f01u4e1au4e5fu5fc5u7136u5e26u6765u7cfbu5217u5f71u54cdu3002,u4f5cu8005uff1au738bu7edb,u4e00u3001u4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u906du9047u7f8eu56fdu5236u88c1u7684u7ecfu8fc7u53cau539fu7531u6839u636eu7f8eu56fdu5546u52a1u90e8u7ed9u51fau7684u7406u7531uff0cu4e4bu6240u4ee5u5bf9u4e2du5174u901au8bafu8fdbu884cu5982u6b64u4e25u82dbu7684u5236u88c1uff0cu662fu56e0u4e3au4e2du5174u8fddu53cdu4e86u7f8eu56fdu9650u5236u5411u4f0au6717u3001u671du9c9cu7b49u56fdu51fau552eu7f8eu56fdu6280u672fu7684u5236u88c1u6761u6b3eu30022012u5e743u6708uff0cu7f8eu56fdu5fb7u514bu8428u65afu5ddeu6cd5u9662u6700u5148u7ed9,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.

9u4ebfu7f8eu5143u7684u5211u4e8bu548cu6c11u4e8bu7f5au91d1u3002,2017u5e743u6708uff0cu7f8eu56fdu653fu5e9cu6307u63a7u4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u975eu6cd5u5411u4f0au6717u548cu671du9c9cu51fau53e3u7535u4fe1u8bbeu5907uff08u5305u62ecu5217u5165u9650u5236u51fau53e3u540du5355u7684u7f8eu56fdu4ea7u54c1uff09u5e76u4f5cu51fau865au5047u9648u8ff0u548cu59a8u788du53f8u6cd5uff0cu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u540cu610fu5408u5e76u6c11u4e8bu548cu5211u4e8bu5904u7f5au5411u7f8eu56fdu653fu5e9cu7f34u7eb311.

9u4ebfu7f8eu5143u7f5au6b3euff0cu5e76u540cu610fu6682u7f13u6267u884cu201c7u5e74u7684u51fau53e3u7279u6743u9650u5236u201duff0cu4f46u5982u679cu4e2du5174u672au80fdu6ee1u8db3u534fu8baeu8981u6c42uff0cu6216u8fddu53cdu7f8eu56fdu51fau53e3u7ba1u7406u6761u4f8buff08EARuff09uff0cu6b64u9650u5236u5c31u53efu80fdu88abu6fc0u6d3bu3002u548cu89e3u8c08u5224u91ccu6709u4e00u9879u5185u5bb9u5c31u662fu4e2du5174u901au8bafu5904u5206u4eceu4e8bu8fddu6cd5u884cu4e3au7684u5458u5de5uff0cu7f8eu56fdu5546u52a1u90e8u7684u516cu544au91ccu79f0uff1au4e2du5174u4e0du4f46u6ca1u6709u5904u5206u8fd9u4e9bu5458u5de5uff0cu8fd8u53d1u7ed9u5168u989du5956u91d1uff0cu540cu65f6u5411u7f8eu56fdu5546u52a1u90e8u62a5u544au79f0u5df2u7ecfu5904u5206u4e86u8fd9u4e9bu5458u5de5u3002u7f8eu56fdu5546u52a1u90e8u957fu7f57u65afu8bf4uff0cu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u5728u5f53u521du88abu6293u4f4fu65f6u8bf4u8c0euff0cu5728u7f13u5211u65f6u8bf4u8c0euff0cu5728u89c2u5bdfu671fu65f6u53c8u8bf4u8c0eu3002u4e8eu662fuff0cu60acu5728u4e2du5174u5934u4e0au7684u8fbeu6469u514bu5229u65afu4e4bu5251u7ec8u4e8eu7838u4e86u4e0bu6765u3002,u4e8cu3001u5bf9u4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u53cau5176u5b83u4f01u4e1au7684u5f71u54cdu5e94u8be5u8bf4uff0cu5728u6b64u4e8bu4ef6u4e2duff0cu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u4e00u7cfbu5217u5e94u5bf9u90fdu5341u5206u611au8822u548cu88abu52a8uff0cu7f8eu56fdu7684u5236u88c1u5bf9u4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u81eau8eabu53cau5176u4ed6u4e2du592eu4f01u4e1au90fdu53efu80fdu5e26u6765u9ad8u5371u5f71u54cdu3002,u636eu7edfu8ba1uff0cu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u5927u7ea6u670920%u81f330%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,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,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,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,uff08u4e00uff09u5728u56fdu5bb6u653fu7b56u5c42u9762,1uff0eu575au6301u6539u9769u5f00u653euff0cu51b3u4e0du8d70u95edu5173u9501u56fdu7684u8001u8defu3002,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,2uff0eu52a0u5f3au91cdu70b9u4ea7u4e1au3001u91cdu70b9u6280u672fu7684u653bu5173u3002,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,3uff0eu505au597du5bf9u76f8u5173u4ea7u4e1au8fdbu884cu4e34u65f6u6551u52a9u9884u6848u3002,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,u4e3au6b64uff0cu5efau8baeu5728u4f9du6cd5u4e25u8083u8ffdu8d23u67e5u5904u76f8u5173u8d23u4efbu4ebau7684u524du63d0u4e0buff0cu5e94u5c3du4e00u5207u53efu80fdu4fddu4f4fu5f53u524du7684u56fdu6709u9f99u5934u4f01u4e1auff0cu5e76u63d0u524du5bf9u76f8u5e94u7684u884cu4e1au53cau5173u952eu4f01u4e1au505au597du6551u52a9u9884u6848u3002,4uff0eu52a0u5f3au51fau8d44u4ebau5bf9u4f01u4e1au91cdu5927u4e8bu9879u76d1u7ba1uff0cu9632u6b62u5185u90e8u4ebau63a7u5236u3002,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,5uff0eu57f9u517bu8bdau4fe1u7ecfu8425u7684u6c1bu56f4uff0cu52a0u5f3au4f01u4e1au6cd5u5236u57f9u8badu3002,u4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u6cd5u52a1u5f62u540cu865au8bbeu3002u636eu62a5u9053uff0cu57282012u5e74u7f8eu56fdu5fb7u514bu8428u65afu5ddeu6cd5u9662u7ed9u4e2du5174u901au8bafu5728u7f8eu56fdu7684u5b50u516cu53f8u53d1u51fau4f20u53ecu51fduff0cu9488u5bf9u4e2du5174u901au8bafu7acbu6848u8c03u67e5u524duff0cu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u6cd5u52a1u90e8u57282009u5e74u5c31u9884u8ba1u516cu53f8u5c06u5728u51fau53e3u8d38u6613u4e2du9762u4e34u98ceu9669uff0cu57282011u5e748u670825u65e5u5411u516cu53f8u9886u5bfcu5c42u63d0u4ea4u4e86u300au5173u4e8eu5168u9762u6574u987fu548cu89c4u8303u516cu53f8u51fau53e3u7ba1u5236u76f8u5173u4e1au52a1u7684u62a5u544au300buff0cu540eu6765u53c8u5e94u9886u5bfcu8981u6c42u5236u5b9au4e86u300au8fdbu51fau53e3u7ba1u5236u98ceu9669u89c4u907fu65b9u6848u300bu3002u53efu60dcu8fd9u4e24u4e2au6587u4ef6u4e0du4f46u6ca1u6709u5f97u5230u843du5b9euff0cu53cdu800cu56e0u6cc4u5bc6u843du5165u7f8eu56fdu653fu5e9cu624bu4e2duff0cu6210u4e3au4e2du5174u6709u610fu89c4u907fu7f8eu56fdu51fau53e3u7ba1u5236u653fu7b56u7684u8bc1u636eu3002,u6b64u5916uff0cu4e2du5174u901au8bafu516cu53f8u9ad8u5c42u8d74u7f8eu8003u5bdfuff0cu8463u4e8bu957fu79d8u4e66u7535u8111u91ccu5173u4e8eu5411u4f0au6717u51fau53e3u8bbeu5907u4f1au8baeu7684u5168u90e8u4f1au8baeu8bb0u5f55uff0cu9ad8u5c42u505au7684u51b3u7b56u7b49u7b49u88abu7f8eu56fdu6d77u5173u68c0u67e5u65f6u62e6u4e0bu6765u4e86uff0cu6309u7167u56fdu5bb6u89c4u5b9au5411u8fd9u6837u673au5bc6u7684u8d44u6599u662fu7eddu5bf9u4e0du5bb9u8bb8u5e26u51fau56fdu7684uff01,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,6uff0eu52a0u5f3au57fau672cu56fdu60c5u8206u8bbau7684u5f15u5bfcu3002,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,uff08u4e8cuff09u5728u4f01u4e1au5c42u9762,1uff0eu5207u5b9eu8f6cu53d8u589eu957fu65b9u5f0fuff0cu79efu6781u5b9eu65bdu521bu65b0u9a71u52a8u53d1u5c55u3002,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,2uff0eu8ba4u771fu5b8cu5584u89c4u7ae0u5236u5ea6uff0cu6392u67e5u6d89u5916u7ecfu8425u98ceu9669u3002,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,3uff0eu575au6301u201cu8d70u51fau53bbu3001u5f15u8fdbu6765u201du76f8u7ed3u5408uff0cu57f9u80b2u5177u6709u5168u7403u7adeu4e89u529bu7684u4e16u754cu4e00u6d41u4f01u4e1au3002,u4e2du592eu4f01u4e1au8981u52a0u5febu201cu8d70u51fau53bbu201du6b65u4f10uff0cu5145u5206u5229u7528u548cu6574u5408u56fdu5185u56fdu5916u4e24u4e2au5e02u573au3001u4e24u79cdu8d44u6e90u7684u80fdu529buff0cu7279u522bu5e94u5728u670du52a1u201cu4e00u5e26u4e00u8defu201du4efbu52a1u4e2du8d77u4e3bu529bu519bu7684u4f5cu7528u3002,Google translate:,SASAC Research Center April 20, 2018,Editors note: On April 16th, the United States announced the sanction of Chinau2019s ZTE Corporation, which has caused public concern.

As Chinau2019s telecommunications industry is highly dependent on US chips, and ZTE is the largest listed state-owned telecommunications equipment company in China, the incident has had a lot of impact on ZTE Corporation itself and the industry, and will inevitably have a series of impacts on other central enterprises.

In the context of the trade war, this incident caused many worries.

Some people accuse the United States of imposing a technical blockade on China, and some people are enthusiastic about it as a catalyst for the localization of the chip industry.

This is a good opportunity.

It is necessary to think calmly and take appropriate measures.

It is necessary to correctly understand the historical stage of our countrys social economy, recognize the gaps and shortcomings between Chinas enterprises and world-class companies, and stick to independence and self-government, while insisting on reform and opening up.

,In order to govern the country according to law and to govern enterprises in accordance with the law, taking the incident of ZTE as an opportunity, the central enterprises should make up for the shortcomings of the system in time to lay the foundation for the next step in participating in international competition and cooperation.

,On April 16 this year, the U.

S.

Department of Commerce issued an announcement that it prohibited U.

S.

companies from conducting any business transactions with ZTE Corporation within seven years on the grounds that ZTE had violated the settlement agreement reached with the U.

S.

government in 2017 and that the current situation is still spreading.

,As Chinau2019s telecommunications industry is highly dependent on US chips, ZTE is the largest listed company of state-owned holding communications equipment in China.

Sanctions have had many impacts on ZTE itself and the industry, and will inevitably have a series of impacts on other central enterprises.

,Author: Wang Jiang,I.

The Causes and Causes of ZTE Corporations U.

S.

SanctionsAccording to the reasons given by the US Department of Commerce, the reason why such a severe sanction against ZTE is because ZTE violated the US sanctions clause that restricts the sale of U.

S.

technology to countries such as Iran and North Korea.

In March 2012, the Texas court first gaveZTEu2019s subsidiary in the United States issued a subpoena for ZTEu2019s case investigation.

In November 2013, ZTE had learned that US regulators were investigating their own violations.

In order to circumvent the US regulations, ZTE Corporation sought a listed company in Wuxi as a partition company to sell products to this Wuxi company in the form of domestic trade.

This company was sold to Iran by this Wuxi company.

This kind of practice is equivalent to talking about reconciliation on the part of the US regulators.

In 2016, the U.

S.

Department of Commerce had initiated investigations into the sale of products by ZTE to Iran.

ZTE Corporation submitted a settlement to the U.

S.

government, and the U.

S.

government hired a third party to investigate ZTE.

However, during the investigation, ZTE Corporation tried to conceal the relevant information, resulting in the United Statesu2019 very distrust of ZTE Corporation.

In the end, the three U.

S.

government complaints against ZTE Corporation not only included conspiracy to illegally export, but also obstructed justice and made false statements to federal investigators, and accordingly sentenced ZTE to pay criminal and civil penalties of approximately US$890 million.

,In March 2017, the U.

S.

government accused ZTE Corporation of illegally exporting telecommunications equipment to Iran and North Korea (including U.

S.

products included on the restricted export list) and made false statements and obstructs justice.

ZTE Corporation agreed to merge civil and criminal penalties with the U.

S.

government.

It paid a fine of US$1.

19 billion and agreed to suspend the u201cexport privilege limit for seven yearsu201d.

However, if ZTE fails to meet the requirements of the agreement or violate the US Export Administration Regulations (EAR), this restriction may be activated.

One of the contents of the reconciliation negotiations was ZTEu2019s employees who engaged in illegal activities.

According to an announcement from the US Department of Commerce, ZTE not only did not dispose of these employees, but also issued full bonuses.

At the same time, it reported to the US Department of Commerce that these employees had been dismissed.

.

US Commerce Secretary Ross said that ZTE Corporation lied when it was first seized, lied when probation, and lied when it was observed.

As a result, the sword of Damocles, which had hung over ZTEs head, finally collapsed.

,Second, the impact of ZTE Corporation and other companiesIt should be said that in this incident, a series of responses from ZTE Corporation were very stupid and passive .

The sanctions imposed by the United States on ZTE itself and other central enterprises may have high-risk implications.

,According to statistics, about 20% to 30% of ZTEs components are supplied by U.

S.

-based manufacturers, and more commonly used components such as high-speed ADCs/DACs, modulators, high-performance phase-locked loops, and mid-range VGAs, etc.

Most of them rely on the supply of foreign chip makers, temporarily unable to obtain equivalent substitutes in the country.

Therefore, once the United States bans ZTEs procurement, it is almost equivalent to holding ZTEs throat.

In addition to the procurement of spare parts, ZTE Corporation has also worked closely with US companies on the research and development of mobile phone chips and 5G technologies.

For example, ongoing 5G commercial testing is closely related to companies such as Qualcomm and Intel.

,After the United States announced its ban on ZTE, the UK National Cyber u200bu200bSecurity Center also issued a new warning that the telecommunications industry should not use equipment and services from ZTE.

Except for ZTE, many people think that Huawei will be the next one to look at.

Huawei is currently worried that operators that have already talked about before may cooperate with each other.

It is very likely that the US government will say that Huang is yellow.

,Therefore, the U.

S.

governmentu2019s sanctions against ZTE Corporation will likely extend to all companies associated with ZTE Corporation.

Upstream and downstream enterprises may involve, or even affect, all enterprises in the industry.

To a certain extent, not only the telecommunications industry, but also the state-owned enterprises, many domestic companies are paying a terrible price for the short-sighted and untrustworthy operations of ZTE Corporation, and our countryu2019s diplomatic layout and national image are also inevitably affected.

,Third, lessons to be learned and suggestionsZTE is sanctioned by the U.

S.

government and its follow-up impact is still difficult to estimate.

Some people think that it may be a u201cdestructive blowu201d because ZTE relies too heavily on chips imported from the United States.

Lack of core is a common problem faced by domestic industries.

In the context of the trade war, this incident has caused many worries.

Some people accuse the United States of imposing a technical blockade on China, and some people are enthusiastic about it as a catalyst for the localization of the chip industry.

This is a good opportunity.

It is necessary to think calmly and take appropriate measures.

It is necessary to correctly understand our gaps and shortcomings while maintaining independence and self-reliance, and insisting on reform and opening up.

In order to govern the country according to law and to govern enterprises in accordance with the law, taking the incident of ZTE as an opportunity, the central enterprises should make up for the shortcomings of the system in time to lay the foundation for the next step in participating in international competition and cooperation.

Suggested measures are as follows:,(i) At the national policy level,1.

Adhering to reform and opening up, we must never go behind closed doors and lock the country.

,At the 2018 annual meeting of the Boao Forum for Asia, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: The second revolution of China, the reform and opening up, not only profoundly changed China, but also profoundly affected the world! profoundly clarified the reform and opening up to China and the world.

importance.

We should soberly realize that under the current pattern of world division of labor, China is the beneficiary of the current pattern of division of labor in the world, but in the process of reshaping the value chain system of the global division of labor, we still have a long way to go.

All kinds of challenges will then go back to the old path of closing the country.

Only by accelerating the pace of opening up, we can promote reform through openness and promote development through reform.

Only in this way can we shorten the gap between our country and the advanced countries in the world.

,2.

Strengthen key industries and key technologies.

,Historical experience and reality tell us that core technology and core competitiveness cannot be bought, and true core competitiveness requires innovation and innovation.

Our country independently developed and completed two bombs and one star during the most difficult period.

The subsequent ultra-high voltage transmission, new nuclear power technologies, and high-speed rail technologies are all completed through a nationwide system and the advantages of concentrating on handling major events and in a relatively short period of time.

Gradually change the current situation in which most of Chinau2019s industrial core technologies are controlled by humans.

On the one hand, we must actively introduce new technologies and implement u201cfollow-up and follow-up tactics.

u201d On the other hand, we must focus on the key technologies that are relatively urgent and have a major impact on the industrial chain.

Focus on breakthroughs.

In order to strengthen scientific research, it is necessary to reform and innovate the system to create an atmosphere of respecting knowledge and respecting talents in the entire society and vigorously increase the salaries and incentives for scientific research teams.

Most national key laboratories are located in central enterprises, and they need to stimulate the vitality of independent innovation.

,3.

Do a preliminary plan for temporary assistance to related industries.

,ZTE Corporation, the leading domestic industry leader, is being sanctioned for violating regulations, which may affect the entire industry and may affect the three major telecommunications companies, some foreign trade companies, and various supporting companies.

As Chinas chip industry is heavily constrained by Western developed countries, and the communications industrys domestic market is highly concentrated, there may be more related-party transactions, and therefore there is an increased risk.

In particular, ZTE Corporation is a subsidiary of the more sensitive military-industrial group, the Aerospace Science and Industry Group, and it is necessary to fully estimate the impact on the group companies.

,For this reason, it is suggested that under the premise of severely chasing and punishing relevant persons in accordance with the law, every effort should be made to preserve the current state-owned leading enterprises, and to make plans for the rescue of relevant industries and key enterprises in advance.

,4.

Investors will be strengthened to supervise major corporate events and prevent internal controls.

,As a state-owned listed company, ZTE Corporation carries out high-risk business activities for a long time, which explains the lack of supervision to some extent.

This incident once again shows that in order to supervise the management of state-owned assets based on capital, we must adhere to the principle of u201cthree-in-one, three-unity, and three-partition.

u201d The management of capital must be combined with corporate governance of corporate governance, and it should be combined with corresponding managers and management.

.

Without supervising major corporate events, supervision will inevitably take the form and raise the risk of insider control.

,5.

Cultivate an atmosphere of integrity management and strengthen corporate legal training.

,ZTE Corporationu2019s legal practice is virtually null and void.

According to reports, in 2012, the Texas State Court of the United States issued a letter of subpoena for ZTEu2019s subsidiary in the United States.

Before the investigation of ZTE, the legal department of ZTE Corporation predicted in 2009 that the company would face the export trade.

On August 25, 2011, the company submitted a report on the complete rectification and regulation of the companys export control-related business to the companys leadership.

Later, it also asked the leadership to formulate the Import and Export Control Risk Evasion Plan.

Unfortunately, these two documents have not only failed to be implemented, but have also fallen into the hands of the U.

S.

government as evidence of ZTEu2019s intention to evade U.

S.

export control policies.

,In addition, ZTEu2019s senior officials visited the United States, and all the meeting minutes of the chairmanu2019s secretaryu2019s computer conference on exporting equipment to Iran and the decisions made by high-level officials were stopped by the US Customs when they were inspected.

According to state regulations, such confidential information was Absolutely not allowed to go abroad!,From this we can see that the relevant leaders of ZTE Corporation have no legal awareness and confidentiality awareness.

Its multiple risk-infringement operations are related to the general environment where the social integrity of the domestic society is not high, and have brought domestic non-integrity to foreign countries.

For this reason, it is urgent for us to establish a social atmosphere that respects intellectual property and respects the law.

In particular, it is necessary to strengthen legal education for enterprises that u201cgo globalu201d, to know laws and understand laws, and to conduct all business activities under the legal framework.

,6.

Strengthen the guidance of basic national conditions and public opinion.

,The 19th National Party Congress clearly stated: The basic national conditions in which China is still and will remain in the primary stage of socialism have not changed, and our country is the worlds largest developing countrys international status has not changed.

Guided by public opinion, we need to address Chinas current situation.

At the historical stage of development, we must face the huge gap between our country and the developed countries.

We must persist in raising our capacities and refrain from admiring vanity, eager for quick success, and deceiving ourselves.

The reform and development of central enterprises must also face up to the gap between the worlds top-ranking enterprises, work hard, and catch up, leading the transformation and upgrading of Chinas industries.

,(b) At the corporate level,1.

Effectively change the mode of growth and actively implement innovation to drive development.

,In July 2015, when Xi Jinping visited Jilin, he pointed out that innovation is the source of the companys motivation, quality is the foundation of the company, management is the foundation of the companys survival, and we must grasp innovation, quality, and management in a fierce market.

We must always take the initiative in the competition.

We must deepen the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, focus more on innovation, and exert the multiplier effect of innovation on stimulating development.

u201d In the current fierce domestic and foreign market competition, the central enterprises We must effectively change the mode of growth, accelerate innovation and development, cultivate core competencies, and lay a solid foundation for world-class companies with global competitiveness.

,2.

Conscientiously improve the rules and regulations and investigate foreign-related business risks.

,The central enterprises should use the events of ZTE Corporation as a lesson, further improve the corporate governance structure, and form an internal mechanism that can be self-restrained and self-development, and full of vitality, and prevent insider control.

On this basis, improve the implementation of various rules and regulations to seriously investigate all operational risks, especially foreign-related risks, major risks should be reported to the Group Corporation and the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission.

,3.

Combine going out and introducing to cultivate world-class companies with global competitiveness.

,Central enterprises must speed up the pace of going out and make full use of and integrate the capabilities of both domestic and foreign markets and resources.

In particular, they should play the role of the main force in the service of the Belt and Road Initiative.

non-compete agreement template

Where can I find very low cost, or free, template for legally binding non-disclosure agreement and non-compete agreement for a cross-platform app?I googled NDA agreement and got pages and pages of results with templates.

,In practice NDA agreements usually mean nothing unless they bear all the hallmarks of a contract, including supporting consideration.

Even then,a court wonu2019t hold as valid NDAu2019s which are not in keeping with public policy.

Agreeing not to disclose crimes, for example, would not be in the best interests of society.

,JA - Juris Doctor, LL.

M.

intellectual Property,No legal advice is intended.