Should we mug up all the Articles of Indian Constitution for the UPSC Prelims? If yes, how? If no, how should we deal with it?

Special power of Attorney format for Court case

For UPSC CSE Prelims, there is no need to mug all the Articles of the Constitution.

However, there are few articles which are important for UPSC Prelims which every aspirant must know.

,If you go through CSE Prelims questions you will find that at least in past 10 years very questions have come on articles of the constitution.

Prelims test your conceptual understanding of Indian Polity and Constitution.

,List of important articles which can be useful in mains answer writing in Polity section of GS 2 are,PART 1 u2013 ART.


4Article 1- Name and territory of the union.

,Article 2 u2013 Admission and Establishment of the new state.

,Article 3 u2013 Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and the name of existing states.

,PART 2 u2013 ART.


11Article 5 u2013 Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.

,Article 6- Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.

,Article 10- continuance of rights of citizenship.

,Article 11- Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

,PART 3 u2013 ART.

12 TO ART.

35Article 12- Definition of the state,Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.

,Originally, the constitution provided for 7 basic fundamental rights, now there are only six rights, one Right to property U/A 31 was deleted from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978.

It made a legal right U/A 300-A in Part XII of the constitution,Right to Equality: Art.

14 to Art.

18Article 14- Equality before the law.

,Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex.

Or place of birth.

,Article 16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

,Article 17- Abolition of the untouchability.

,Article 18- Abolition of titles,Right to Freedom: Art.

19 to art.


19 guarantees to all the citizens the six rights,u00b7 (a) Right to freedom of speech and expression.

,u00b7 (b) Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.

,u00b7 (c) Right to form associations or unions.

,u00b7 (d) Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.

,u00b7 (e) Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

,u00b7 (f) Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, and business.

,Article 20- Protection in respect of conviction for offences.

,Article 21-Protection of life and personal liberty.

,Article 22- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

,Right against Exploitation: Art.

23 & art.

24Article 23- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.

,Article 24- Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines.

Under age of 14.

,Right to Freedom of Religion: Art.

25 to art.

28Article 25- Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

,Article 26- Freedom to manage religious affairs.

,Article 27- Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.

,Article 28- Freedom from attending religious instruction.

,Cultural and Educational Rights: Art.

29 & art.

30Article 29- Protection of interest of minorities.

,Article 30- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

,Article 32- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.



51Article 36- Definition,Article 37- Application of DPSP,Article 39A- Equal justice and free legal aid,Article 40- Organisation of village panchayat,Article 41- Right to work, to education, and to public assistance in certain cases,Article 43- Living Wages, etc.

for Workers.

,Article 43A- Participation of workers in management of industries.

,Article 44- Uniform civil code.

( applicable in Goa only),Article 45- Provision for free and compulsory education for children.

,Article 46- Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, ST, and OBC.

,Article 47-Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.

,Article 48-Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.

,Article 49- Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.

,Article 50- Separation of judiciary from the executive.

,Article 51- Promotion of international peace and security.

,FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES: PART IV-A- ART 51Au00b7 It contains, originally 10 duties, now it contains 11 duties by 86th amendments act 2002.

,PART 5 u2013 UNION ( 52-151)Article 52- The President of India,Article 53- Executive Power of the union.

,Article 54- Election of President,Article 61- Procedure for Impeachment of the President.

,Article 63- The Vice-president of India.

,Article 64- The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman the Council of States.

,Article 66-Election of Vice-president.

,Article 72-Pardoning powers of President.

,Article 74- Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President.

,Article 76- Attorney-General for India.

,Article 79- Constitution of Parliament,Article 80- Composition of Rajya Sabha.

,Article 81- Composition of Lok Sabha.

,Article 83- Duration of Houses of Parliament.

,Article 93- The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people.

,Article 105- Powers, Privileges, etc of the House of Parliament.

,Article 109- Special procedure in respect of money bills,Article 110- Definition of u201cMoney Billsu201d.

,Article 112- Annual Financial Budget.

,Article 114-Appropriation Bills.

,Article 123- Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament.

,Article 124- Establishment of Supreme Court.

,Article 125- Salaries of Judges.

,Article 126- Appointment of acting Chief justice.

,Article 127- Appointment of ad-hoc judges.

,Article 128-Attendance of a retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court.

,Article 129- Supreme court to be a court of Record.

,Article 130- Seat of the Supreme court.

,Article 136- Special leaves for appeal to the Supreme Court.

,Article 137- Review of judgement or orders by the Supreme court.

,Article 141-Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts.

,Article 148- Comptroller and Auditor- General of India,Article 149- Duties and Powers of CAG.

,PART 6 u2013 STATES ( 152-237)Article 153- Governors of State,Article 154- Executive Powers of Governor.

,Article 161- Pardoning powers of the Governor.

,Article 165- Advocate-General of the State.

,Article 213- Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances.

,Article 214- High Courts for states.

,Article 215- High Courts to be a court of record.

,Article 226- Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.

,Article 233- Appointment of District judges.

,Article 235- Control over Sub-ordinate Courts.

,PART 7 u2013 238 u2013 REPEALEDPART 8 u2013 239-242 u2013 UNION TERRITORIESPART 9 u2013 243-243 O u2013 PANCHAYATSArticle 243A- Gram Sabha,Article 243B- Constitution of Panchayats,PART 9A u2013 243 P-243 ZG u2013 MUNICIPALITIESPART 10: SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS -244PART 11: CENTER- STATE RELATIONS 245 u2013 263PART 12: FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS (264 u2013 300A)Article 266- Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund,Article 267- Contingency Fund of India,Article 280- Finance Commission,Article 300-A- Right to property.

,PART 13: TRADE, COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORIES OF INDIA (301-307)Article 301-Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.

,Article 302- Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.

,PART 14 : SERVICES UNDER CENTER AND STATE (308-323)Article 312- All- India-Service.

,Article 315- Public service commissions for the union and for the states,Article 320- Functions of Public Service Commission.

,PART 14A: TRIBUNALS (323 A u2013 323 B)Article 323A- Administrative Tribunals,PART 15 : ELECTIONS (324 u2013 329)Article 324-Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.

,Article 325- No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex.

,Article 326- Elections to the house of the people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

,PART 16: SPECIAL PROVISIONS TO SC, ST, OBC, MINORITIES ETC (330 -342)Article 338- National Commission for the SC, & ST.

,Article 340- Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.

,PART 17: OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (343- 351)Article 343- Official languages of the Union.

,Article 345- Official languages or languages of states.

,Article 348- Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.

,Article 351-Directive for development of the Hindi languages.

,PART 18: EMERGENCY (352-360)Article 352- Proclamation of emergency ( National Emergency).

,Article 356- State Emergency (Presidentu2019s Rule),Article 360- Financial Emergency,PART 19: MISCELLANEOUS (361-367)Article 361- Protection of President and Governors,PART 20: AMENDMENT OF CONSTITUTION (368)Article 368- Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution.

,PART 21 : SPECIAL, TRANSITIONAL AND TEMPORARY PROVISIONS (369 u2013 392)Article 370 u2013 Special provision of J&K.

,Article 371A u2013 Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland,Article 371-J: Special Status for Hyderabad-Karnataka region

Special Power of Attorney word format India

Yes, NRI can buy a property in India from USA without visiting India.

NRI can appoint power of attorney in India.

,Power of attorney can be your family members of father, mother, son, wife, brother, sister, or in-laws.

A power of attorney holder should be trustworthy and reliable to you, as they are responsible to take decisions and sign documents on your behalf in India.

,Power of attorney is issued of two types, they are,General power of attorney (GPA),Special power of attorney (SPA),,GENERAL POWER OF ATTORNEY (GPA): allows the grantee to carry out the formalities in lieu of property purchase.

This includes the execution of agreement for sale, loan process, transaction, sale deed execution & registration, occupation certificate, name change in utility bill and deal with municipality matters.

,SPECIAL POWER OF ATTORNEY (SPA): Allows the grantee to carry out only the specific task.

That could be an execution of agreement for sale, loan process, transaction, sale deed execution & registration, and dealing with municipality matters.

,,One such example.

a son was living in the USA.

He issues GPA to father in India to complete the purchase of a property in India.

Below is the procedure we have gone through to execute the GPA.

Successful able to complete the loan and sale deed registration.

,Step 1: Prepare draft POA in word format,Step 2: Print the POA draft on A4 size paper (Preferably bond paper).

Attach your passport size photo on POA,Step 3: You should sign the POA in front of Indian consult or Notary public in USA.

Get POA attested from Indian consult or notary public in USA.

,Step 4: Send the POA to your grantee in India by courier,Step 5: POA holder in India, should register the POA at nearest sub-register office.

,POA registration in India.

,This completes the GPA execution.

,,In Bangalore, we provide assistance in executing POA,We provide the service of drafting Agreement for sale + execution + franking + home delivered,We provide the service of drafting Sale deed + execution + assistance in registration + notary,After purchase, assistance in tax application + EC extract + Khata transfer,To opt for our service, please Whatsapp to 9 7 4 2 4 7 9 0 2 0.

,Thank you for readingu2026

Special Power of Attorney

General Power of AttorneyA General power of attorney grants an agent (to whom the POA is granted) virtually unfettered powers of decision making, from tax payment to entering contracts, from settling claims to buying a new toaster, everything.

Since the subject matter is not listed in this case, the agent becomes the master of your fate and the captain of your soul.

The duration of such a POA may also be arbitrary, depending on how it is drafted.

Signing such a document makes you liable for the myriad acts your agent is legally allowed to perform (you could end up in jail, yes).

,Specific or special power of attorneyAn easy fix is the adoption of a Specific POA, that not only states the specific purpose which the agent is allowed to perform, it also acknowledges the limited duration of the POA.

Rather than granting a singular General POA to one agent, one can grant several Specific POAu2019s to more than one agent, as regards to financial transactions, business interests, real estate etc, which would ensure no abuse of power.

This should definitely save one from endless trips to the court, in case oneu2019s agent turns out to be like a countryu2019s parliamentarians- a rapacious perjurer.

,It may not be wise to keep an absolute restraint on the power granted, nonetheless, it is imperative to ensure that the reigns are tight enough to keep your horse from freelance grazing as and when it makes up itu2019s mind.